CANINE PARVOVIRUS (A quick piece from your VetNextDoor)


CANINE PARVOVIRUS (A quick piece from your VetNextDoor)

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is the most common cause of enteritis and mortality in puppies due to the nature of the virus (Shabbir et al., 2009; Kapel, 1995). Canine parvovirus infection is said to be one of the major causes of death in canines mostly in puppies due to hemorrhagic enteritis (Munibullah et al., 2017). Parvoviral enteritis is caused by canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) (Mccaw and Hoskins, 2006). Neonatal puppies are likely to be protected by maternal antibodies for the first few weeks of life and these antibodies are transferred to puppies through colostrums (Rewerts and Cohn, 2000).

CANINE PARVOVIRUS (A quick piece from your VetNextDoor)

Transmission occurs via the fecal-oral route, fecal-nasal route, after exposure to the virus in faeces or vomitus, or importantly, virus that persists on fomites (Mc-Caw and Hoskins, 2006). The virus is shed for a few days before the onset of clinical signs, and shedding declines considerably after 7 days (Jane and Shelley, 2008. Therefore, the incubation period for canine parvoviral enteritis is 7 to 14 days (Jane and Shelley, 2008).

CANINE PARVOVIRUS(A quick piece from your VetNextDoor

Clinical signs of parvoviral enteritis generally develop within 3-7 days of infection. Initial clinical signs may be nonspecific (e.g. lethargy, anorexia, fever) with progression to vomiting and hemorrhagic diarrhea within 24-48 hours (Prittie, 2004). Canine parvovirus infection is generally evidenced with signs including, bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and harsh dehydration (Bhutia and Rao, 2008). Physical findings can include depression, dehydration and intestinal loops that are dilated and fluid filled. Abdominal pain warrants further investigation to rule out potential complications of intussusceptions (Willard, 2005). Severely affected animals may collapse with prolonged capillary refill time, tachycardia, poor pulse quality sudden death or tachypnea due to myocarditis occurs rarely (Rewerts and Cohn, 2000).

Haemorrhagic diarrhea

CPV is largely guarded against via vaccinations. At VetNextDoor, we provide suitable and adequate vaccinations against Canonie parvoviral enteritis. Visit any our social media pages and contact addresses to locate us.

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